Erie Canal - Part One: Map Analysis Use the map below to answer the questions on your chart.
Erie Canal - Part Two: Video Link Click on the link above to watch the video on the Erie Canal. While watching the video answer the questions on your chart.
Texas Annexation Assignment
Part One: Timeline Read the timeline below and answer the questions on your chart.
Path to Texas Independence
Mexico wins independence from Spain. Moses Austin & Stephen F. Austin obtain a land grant from the Mexican gov’t - they settle in Texas with 300 American families.
Tension erupts between the Mexican government and the American settlers over slavery (American settlers brought African American slaves to Texas - even though slavery was banned in Mexico).
Mexico, fed up with the American settlers continuing to keep slaves, bans American immigration into Mexico / Texas.
Mexico encourages Mexicans and Europeans to settle in Texas.
Texas Revolution begins.
Texas declares independence from Mexico.
Americans defeat the Mexicans at the Alamo and San Jacinto securing their independence, become the Republic of Texas.
US Recognizes the Republic of Texas as a free nation (last act of the Jackson Presidency).
Part Two: Documents Use the following documents to fill in your chart.
Document 1: Henry Clay - Letter Published in the National IntelligencerApril 27th, 1844 I consider the annexation of Texas, at this time, without the consent of Mexico, as a measure compromising the national character; it will most likely start a war with Mexico and probably their allies, it will make us look untrustworthy; it is not practical in the present financial condition of the country…. It is estimated that Texas has a debt of $10,000,000 - if we are absorb Texas, we are to absorb that debt, which we can not afford...
Document 2: Sam Houston - Letter from Sam Houston to Andrew Jackson February 16th,1844 I believe in the immediate annexation of Texas to the United States...Mexico might make a cause of war, and inflict violence upon us. It might be time before proper aid from the United States to help our defense against this; war would interrupt our citizens in their peaceful existence…. I have no desire to see war renewed again in Texas, to save Texas from more bloodshed, we must annex ourselves to the United States...
Document 3: John Calhoun - Letter to W.R. King August 12th, 1844 (Printed publicly) “It is impossible to cast a look at the map of the United States and Texas ….without coming to the conclusion that it is their destiny to be united, and of course, that annexation is merely a question of time and mode...It is our destiny to occupy that vast region; to intersect it with roads and canals; to fill it with cities, towns, villages, and farms; to extend over it our religion, customs, constitution and laws; and to present it as a peaceful and splendid addition to the domains of commerce and civilization. It is our policy to increase, by rowing and spreading out into unoccupied regions, assimilating all we incorporate; in a word, to increase by accretion, and not through conquest…”
Document 4: Stephen A. Douglass - Speech in the House of Representatives, January 6th, 1845 Annexing Texas would result in stimulating the industry of the whole country; in opening new markets for the manufacturers of the North and East; in bringing in the waters of the Red River, the Arkansas River, and other streams flowing into the Mississippi... in growing the political power of the United States; in securing safer and more natural boundaries, and avoiding the danger of collisions with foreign power…
Document 5: Central Clay Club of Northampton County - pamphlet in support of Henry Clay October 18th, 1844“Pennsylvania has to fight against the dishonest annexation of Texas, the extension of representation and slavery to a foreign people brought into our union to weigh down the free state votes of the north in congress, giving a larger voice to slaveholders …annexing Texas would imbalance congress and violate the compromises we have worked so hard to make...”
Document 6: Charles Hudson - Massachusetts Congressman Speech in the House of Representatives, January 20th, 1845 “...Congress has the power to admit states into the Union, this is true. The gentleman from Illinois (Stephen A. Douglass) has said further here not two weeks ago that under the “necessary and proper” clause, we can annex the nation of Texas. I find this to be preposterous! This is not based on sound reasoning. Does it follow that because a power is granted to Congress, that they have the authority to exercise that power in any manner they please, regardless of the laws of the nation? ….At the time when the Constitution was formed, we were in possession of the Northwest Territory, which we held as per a treaty we signed with England...we have signed no treaty with Mexico nor with Spain over the ownership of the lands we call Texas… it is unconstitutional if we annex these lands…”
Part Three: PowerPoint View the PowerPoint below to help you with your test review.